Dating and Tracing in Hydrological Systems

Bentley, H.W.; F.M. Phillips; S.N. Davis; S. Gifford; E. Elmore; L.E. Tubbs; and H.E. Gove (1982). Thermonuclear 36C1 pulse in natural waters, Nature 300 737-740.

Phillips, F.M. (1983) Comment on “Chemical osmosis, reverse chemical osmosis, and the origin of subsurface brines”, by Donald L. Graf: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 47 1331.

Phillips, F.M.; G.I. Smith; H.W. Bentley; D. Elmore; and H.E. Gove (1983). 36C1 dating of saline sediments: Preliminary results from Searles Lake, California: Science 222 925-927.

Phillips, F.M.; F. Goff; F. Vautaz; H.W. Bentley; D. Elmore; and H.E. Gove (1984). 36C1 as a tracer in geothermal systems Example from Valles Caldera, New Mexico: Geophys. Res. Lett. 11 1227-1230.

Phillips, F.M.; M.A. Person; and A.B. Muller (1986) A numerical model for simulating the isotopic evolution of closed-basin lakes: J. Hydrol. 85 73-86.

Phillips, F.M.; L.A. Peeters; M.K. Tansey; and S.N. Davis (1986) Paleoclimatic inferences from an isotopic investigation of ground water in the central San Juan Basin, New Mexico: Quat. Res. 26 179-193.

Bentley, H.W.; F.M. Phillips; S.N. Davis; P.L. Airey; G.E. Calf; D. Elmore; M.A. Habermehl; and T. Torgersen (1986) Chlorine-36 dating of very old ground water: I. The Great Artesian Basin, Australia: Water Resour. Res. 22 1991-2002.

Phillips, F.M.; H.W. Bentley; S.N. Davis; and D. Elmore (1986) Chlorine-36 dating of very old ground water: II. Milk River Aquifer, Alberta, Canada: Water Resour. Res. 22 2003-2016.

Bentley, H.W., F.M. Phillips, and S.N. Davis (1986) 36C1 in the terrestrial environment: in Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry (Fritz, P. and J.C. Fontes, eds.) vol. 2B, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 427-480.

Phillips, F.M; and H.W. Bentley (1987) Isotopic fractionation during ion filtration: I. Theory: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 51 683-695.

Schery, S.D.; Holford, D.J.; Wilson, J.L.; Wilson, J.L.; and Phillips, F.M. (1988) Flow and diffusion of radon in fractured porous media: I. Finite slabs: Radiat. Protect. Dosimetry 24 185-189.

Schery, S.D.; Holford, D.J.; Wilson, J.L.; and Phillips, F.M. (1988) Flow and diffusion of radon in fractured porous media: II. Semi-infinite media: Radiat. Protect. Dosimetry 24 1877-1891.

Phillips, F.M.; Mattick, J.L.; Duval, T.A.; Elmore, N.; and Kubik, P.W. (1988) Chlorine-36 and tritium from nuclear- weapons fallout as tracers for long-term liquid and vapor movement in desert soils: Water Resour. Res. 24 1877-1891.

Phillips, F.M.; M.K. Tansey; L.A. Peeters; S. Cheng; and A. Long (1989) An isotopic investigation of ground water in the central San Juan Basin, New Mexico: 14C dating as a basis for numerical flow modeling: Water Resour. Res. 25 2259-2273.

Carlson, C.A.; Phillips, F.M.; Elmore, D.; and Bentley, H.W. (1990) Chlorine-36 tracing of salinity sources in the Dry Valleys of Victoria Land, Antarctica: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 54 311-318.

Phillips, F.M.; Davis, S.N.; and Kubik, P.W. (1990) A proposal to use chlorine-36 for monitoring the movement of radionuclides from nuclear explosions: Ground Water Monitoring Review 10(3) 106-113.

Phillips, F.M.; Knowlton, R.G.; and Bentley, H.W. (1990) Comment on “An alternative view on the origin of chemical and isotopic patterns in groundwater from the Milk River aquifer, Canada’ by M.J. Hendry and F.W. Schwartz”: Water Resour. Res. 26 1693-1698.

Huang Qi and Phillips, F.M. (1990) Preliminary study on chlorine-36 dating of halite in salt lakes from the Qaidam Basin: Chinese Sci. Bull. 35 32-36.

Hedenquist, J.W.; Goff, F.; Phillips, F.M.; Elmore, D.; and Stewart, M.K. (1990) Groundwater dilution and residence times, and constraints on chloride source, in the Mokai geothermal system, from chemical, stable isotope, tritium, and 36Cl data: J. Geophys. Res. 95 19365-19375.

Torgersen, T.; Habermehl, M.A.; Phillips, F.M.; Elmore, D.; Kubik, P.W.; Jones, B.G.; Hemmick, T.; and Gove, H.E. (1991) Chlorine-36 dating of very old groundwater, 3. Further studies in the Great Artesian Basin, Australia: Water Resour. Res. 27 3201-3213.

McCord, J.; Reiter, M.; and Phillips, F. (1992) Heat-flow data suggest large ground-water fluxes through Fruitland Coals of the northern San Juan Basin, Colorado-New Mexico: Geology 20 419-422.

Holford, D.J.; Schery, S.D.; Wilson, J.L.; and Phillips, F.M. (1993) Modeling radon transport in dry, cracked soil: J. Geophys. Res. 98 567-580.

Phillips, F.M. (1993) Comment on “Reinterpretation of 36Cl data: physical processes, hydraulic interconnections and age estimates in groundwater systems” by E. Mazor: Appl. Geochem. 8 643-647.

Torgersen, T.; and Phillips, F.M. (1993) Reply to Comment on “Chlorine-36 dating of very old   groundwater, 3. Further results on the Great Artesian Basin, Australia” by T. Torgersen et al., by Andrews, J.N. and Fontes, J.-C.: Water Resour. Res. 29 1875-1877.

Phillips, F.M. (1994) Environmental tracers for water movement in desert soils of the American Southwest: Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 58 15-24.

National Research Council (1995) Technical Bases for Yucca Mountain Standards, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 205 pp.

Phillips, F.M. (1995) The use of isotopes and environmental tracers in subsurface hydrology: Rev. Geophys. 33 1029-1033 (Supplement, July 1995, U.S. Nat. Rept. To Int. Union Geod. Geophys. 1991-1994) [http://www.agu.org/revgeophys/phillf01/phillf01.html].

Liu, B.; Phillips, F.M.; Hoines, S.; Campbell, A.R.; and Sharma, P. (1995) Water movement in desert soil traced by hydrogen and oxygen isotopes, chloride, and chlorine-36, southern Arizona: J. Hydrol. 168 91-110.

Shurbaji, A.-R.M.; and Phillips, F.M. (1995) A numerical model for the movement of H2O, H218O, and 2HHO in the unsaturated zone: J. Hydrol. 171 125-142.

Shurbaji, A.-R.M.; Phillips, F.M.; Campbell, A.R.; and Knowlton, R.G. (1995) Application of a numerical model for simulating water flow, isotope transport, and heat transfer in the unsaturated zone: J. Hydrol. 171 143-163.

Phillips, F.M.; Rogers, D.B.; Dreiss, S.J.; Jannik, N.O.; and Elmore, D. (1995) Chlorine-36 in Great Basin waters: Revisited: Water Resour. Res 31 3195-3204.

Campbell, A.R.; Phillips, F.M.; and Vanlandingham, R.J. (1996) Stable isotope study of soil water, WIPP Site New Mexico: Estimation of recharge to Rustler aquifers: Radioactive Waste Man. & Env. Rest. 20 153-165.

Phillips, F.M. (1998) Ground water dating and isotope geochemistry: in Hydrological Sciences: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead (Proc. 1997 Abel Wolman Symposium, Washington D.C.) National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington D.C., p. 87-100.

Phillips, F.M. (1999) Chlorine-36: in Environmental Tracers in Subsurface Hydrology ( Cook, P., and Herczeg, A.L.; eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, p. 299-348.

Walvoord, M.A.; Pegram, P.; Phillips, F.M.; Person, M.A.; Kieft, T.L.; Fredrickson, J.K.; and McKinley, J.P. (1999) Groundwater flow and geochemistry in the southeastern San Juan Basin: Implications for microbial transport and activity: Water Resour. Res. 35 1409-1424.

Phillips, F.M. (2001) Investigating flow and transport in the fractured vadose zone using environmental tracers: in Conceptual Models of Flow and Transport in the Fractured Vadose Zone, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington D.C., p. 271-294.

Walvoord, M.A.; Plummer, M.A.; Phillips, F.M.; and Wolfsberg, A.V., (2002) Deep arid system hydrodynamics, Part 1: Equilibrium states and response times in thick desert vadose zones: Water Resour. Res., 38(12), 1308, doi:10.1029/2001WR000824.

Walvoord M., Phillips F. M., Tyler S. W., and Hartsough P. C. (2002) Deep arid system hydrodynamics Part 2: Application to paleohydrologic reconstruction using vadose-zone profiles from the Northern Mojave Desert: Water Resour. Res., 38(12), 1291, doi:10.1029/2001WR000825.

Hibbs, B.J., Phillips, F., Hogan, J., Eastoe, C., Hawley, J., Granados, A., and Hutchison, B. (2003) Hydrogeologic and isotopic study of the Hueco Bolson aquifer, El Paso/Juarez, Mexico Area: Hydrological Science and Technology 19 (1-4) 109-119.

Walvoord, M.A.; Phillips, F.M.; Stonestrom, D.A.; Evans, R.D.; Hartsough, P.C.; Newman, B.D.; and Striegl, R.G. (2003) A reservoir of nitrate beneath desert soils: Science 302 1021-1024.

Phillips, F.M.; Hogan, J.; Mills, S.; and Hendrickx, J.M.M. (2003) Environmental tracers applied to quantifying causes of salinity in arid-region rivers: Preliminary results from the Rio Grande, southwestern USA: in Water Resource Perspectives: Evaluation, Management, and Policy (Alsharhan, A.S., and Wood, W.W., eds.), Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, p. 327-334.

Phillips, F.M.; and Castro, M.C. (2003) Groundwater dating and residence time measurements: in Treatise on Geochemistry (Holland, H.D., and Turekian, K.K., eds.), Vol. 5, Surface and Ground Water, Weathering, and Soils (Drever, J.I., ed.), Oxford University Press, Oxford, p. 451-497.

Hendrickx J. M. H., Phillips F. M., and Harrison J. B. J. (2003) Water flow processes in arid and semi-arid vadose zones: In Understanding water in a dry environment: Hydrological processes in arid and semi-arid zones (Simmers, I., ed.), A.A. Balkema, Lisse, pp. 151-210.

Walvoord M. A. and Phillips F. M. (2003) Water movement through deep arid vadose zones: In Understanding water in a dry environment: Hydrological processes in arid and semi-arid zones (Simmers, I., ed.), A.A. Balkema, Lisse, pp. 195-202.

Hogan, J.F.; Phillips, F.M.; and Scanlon, B.R. (eds.) (2004) Groundwater Recharge in a Desert Environment: The Southwestern United States: American Geophysical Union, Water Science and Applications Series, Vol. 9, Washington, D.C., 294 pp.

Phillips, F.M.; Walvoord, M.A.; and Small, E.E. (2004) Effects of environmental change on groundwater recharge in the Desert Southwest: In Groundwater Recharge in a Desert Environment: The Southwestern United States (Hogan, J.F.; Phillips, F.M.; and Scanlon, B.R; eds.), American Geophysical Union, Water Science and Applications Series, Vol. 9, Washington, D.C., p. 273-294.

Hogan, J.F.; Phillips, F.M.; and Scanlon, B.R. (eds.) (2004) Introduction and overview: In Groundwater Recharge in a Desert Environment: The Southwestern United States (Hogan, J.F.; Phillips, F.M.; and Scanlon, B.R.; eds.), American Geophysical Union, Water Science and Applications Series, Vol. 9, Washington, D.C., p. 1-14.

Walvoord, M.A.; Phillips, F.M.; Stonestrom, D.A.; Evans, R.D.; Hartsough, P.C.; Newman, B.D.; and Striegl, R.G. (2004) Reply to comment by Jackson et al. on “A reservoir of nitrate beneath desert soils”: Science 304 51 (www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/304/5667/51c).

Walvoord, M.A.; and Phillips, F.M. (2004) Identifying areas of basin-floor recharge in the Trans-Pecos region and the link to vegetation: J. Hydrol. 292 59-74.

Seyfried, M.S.; Schwinning, S.; Walvoord, M.A.; Pockman, W.T.; Newman, B.D.; Jackson, R.B.; and Phillips, F.M. (2004) Ecohydrological control of deep drainage in arid and semiarid regions: Ecology 86 277-287.

Earman, S.; Phillips, F.M.; and McPherson, B.J.O.L. (2005) The role of excess CO2 in the formation of trona deposits: Appl. Geochem. 20 2217-2232.

Earman S., Campbell A. R., Phillips F. M., and Newman B. D. (2006) Isotopic exchange between snow and atmospheric water vapor: Estimation of the snowmelt component of groundwater recharge in the southwestern United States: J. Geophys. Res. 111 D09302, doi:10.1029/2005JD006470.

Sandvig, R.C.; and Phillips, F.M. (2006) Ecohydrological controls on soil-moisture fluxes in arid vadose zones: Water Resour. Res., 42 W08422, doi:10.1029/2005WR004644.

Newman, B.D.; Wilcox, B.P.; Archer, S.R.; Breshears, D.D.; Dahm, C.N.; Duffy, C.J.; McDowell, N.G.; Phillips, F.M.; Scanlon, B.R.; and Vivoni, E.R. (2006) Ecohydrology of water-limited environments: A scientific vision: Water Resour. Res. 42, W06302, doi:10.1029/2005WR004141.

Hogan J. F., Phillips F. M., Mills S. K., Hendrickx J. M. H., Ruiz J., Chesley J. T., and Asmerom Y. (2007) Geological origins of salinization in a semiarid river: The role of sedimentary brines: Geology 35 1063-1066.

Cizdziel J., Wei Y., Stetzenbach K. J., Hodge V. F., Cline J. D., Howley R., and Phillips F. M. (2008) Recent measurements of chlorine-36 in Yucca Mountain rock, soil, and seepage: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 275 133-144.

Kirby, E.; Anandakrishnan, S.; Phillips, F.M.; and Marrero, S.M. (2008) Millennial-scale slip rate along the Owens Valley fault, eastern California: Geophys. Res. Lett. 112, F03014, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031970.

Earman, S.; McPherson, B.J.O.L.; Phillips, F.M.; Ralser, S.; Herrin, J.M.; and Broska, J. (2008) Tectonic influences on groundwater quality: Insight from complementary methods: Ground Water 46, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00402.x

Heath J., McPherson B. J. O. L., Phillips F., Cooper S., and Dewers T. (2009) Natural helium as a screening tool for assessing caprock imperfections at geologic CO2 storage sites: Energy Procedia 1 2903-2910.

Phillips F.M. (2010) Soil-water bypass: Nature Geoscience 3 77-78.

Frisbee, M.D.; Phillips, F.M.; Campbell, A.R.; and Hendrickx, J.M.H. (2010) Passive capillary samplers for collecting samples of snowmelt recharge in remote, inaccessible watersheds: 1: Laboratory evaluation: Hydrogeology Journal 24 825-833.

Frisbee, M.D.; Phillips, F.M.; Campbell, A.R.; and Hendrickx, J.M.H. (2010) Passive capillary samplers for collecting samples of snowmelt recharge in remote, inaccessible watersheds: 2: Field evaluation: Hydrogeology Journal 24 834-849.

Moyer D. L., Anderholm S. K., Hogan J. F., Phillips F. M., Hibbs B. J., and Witcher J. C. (2010) Knowledge and understanding of dissolved solids in the Rio Grande – San Acacia, New Mexico, to Fort Quitman, Texas, and proposed plan for future studies and monitoring: U.S. Geological Survey, 52 pp.

Phillips, F.M.; Hall, E.; and Black, M. (2011) Reining in the Rio Grande: People, Land, and Water: University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 252 p.

Phillips F.M. and Michelsen A.M. (2011) Institutional and salinity issues on the Upper Rio Grande: in Agricultural Salinity Assessment and Management, 2nd Ed. (Wallender, W.W. and Tanji, K.K.; editors), Manual of Practice No. 71, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, Va., pp. 1033-1052.

Frisbee, M.D.; Phillips, F.M.; Campbell, A.R.; Liu, F.; Sanchez, S.A. (2011) Streamflow generation in a large, alpine watershed in the southern Rocky Mountains of Colorado: Is streamflow generation simply the aggregation of hillslope responses?: Water Resources Research 47 W06512, doi:10.1029/2010WR009391, 18 p.

Frisbee M. D., Phillips F. M., Weissmann G. S., Brooks P. D., Wilson J. L., Campbell A. R., and Liu F. (2012) Unraveling the mysteries of the large watershed black box: Implications for the streamflow response to climate and landscape perturbations: Geophysical Research Letters 39(1) L01404, doi:10.1029/2011GL050416, 6 pp.

Hogan J., Phillips F., Eastoe C., Lacey H., Mills S., and Oelsner G. (2012) Isotopic tracing of hydrological processes and water quality along the upper Rio Grande, USA, In Monitoring Isotopes in Rivers: Creation of the Global Network of Isotopes in Rivers (GNIR), IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), IAEA-TECDOC-1673, Vienna, pp. 111-136.

Phillips F.M. (2013) Chlorine-36: in Isotope Methods for Dating of Old Groundwater (Suckow, A., Aggarwal, P., and Araguas-Araguas, L.; eds.), Vienna, International Atomic Energy Agency, p. 125-152.

Torgersen T.; Purtschert R.; Phillips F.M.; Plummer N.L.; Sanford W.; and Suckow A. (2013) Chlorine-36: in Isotope Methods for Dating of Old Groundwater (Suckow, A., Aggarwal, P., and Araguas-Araguas, L.; eds.), Vienna, International Atomic Energy Agency, p. 21-32.

Frisbee M. D., Phillips F. M., White A. F., Campbell A. R., and Liu F. (2013) Effect of source integration on the geochemical fluxes from springs: Applied Geochemistry 28 32-54.

Frisbee M.D., Wilson J.L., Gomez J.D., Phillips F.M., Campbell A.R. (2013) Are we missing the tail (and the tale) of residence-time distributions in watersheds? Geophysical Research Letters 40 4633-4637, doi:10.1002/grl.50895.

Howald T., Person M., Campbell A., Lueth V., Hofstra A., Sweetkind D., Gable C. W., Banerjee A., Luijendijk E., Crossey L., Karlstrom K., Kelley S., and Phillips F. M. (2014) Evidence for long timescale (>103 years) changes in hydrothermal activity induced by seismic events: Geofluids 15 252-268, doi: 10.1111/gfl.12113.

Peppin, J., Person, M., Phillips, F., Kelley, S., Timmons, S., Witcher, J.C., Gable, C. (2015) Deep fluid circulation within crystalline basement rocks and the role of hydrologic windows in the formation of the Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, low-temperature geothermal system: Geofluids 15 139-160, doi: 10.1111/gfl.12111